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University administration responds to sexual assault with initiatives and campaigns to promote awareness

first_imgEric Richelsen | The Observer Editor’s Note: This is the first installment of a five-part series on sexual assault at Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s. Today’s stories focus on the University and College actions and initiatives in response to sexual assault.In recent years, both Notre Dame administrators and student government leadership have focused on ending sexual violence on campus with, among other initiatives, campaigns to promote awareness and bystander intervention.The Committee on Sexual Assault Prevention (CSAP), comprised of faculty, staff and student representatives, offers recommendations to the office of Student Affairs on supporting victims of sexual violence, encourages collaboration in programming and promotes educational initiatives.CSAP was born out of a resolution from student senate in December 2008, which asked for a review of “the effectiveness of the University’s sexual assault, rape and sexual misconduct policy, resources for victims of sexual assault and the University’s disciplinary options available to victims of sexual assault.”2012 Campus Climate SurveyIn 2012, the first campus climate survey was administered to students to gauge areas of need, the results of which Vice President for Student Affairs Erin Hoffmann Harding said were “extremely helpful.”Hoffmann Harding said the 2012 survey demonstrated that non-undergraduate and post-baccalaureate students had lower awareness than undergraduates on University policies and support services dealing with sexual assault.“So in response, what we’ve done over the last few years is add a variety of different training programs particular to those two student populations,” she said.In response to students’ demonstrated confusion on the concept of consent, Hoffmann Harding said the University has added clarification points and training for students, “to try to better articulate those nuances and provide information.”“Following the survey in 2012, the next year we additionally conducted a series of focus groups with students, particularly around areas we wanted to better understand,” she said.“Now, last spring, we administered our second climate survey and Heather [Ryan, deputy Title IX coordinator,] is in the process, she’s three weeks into her new role, and actually one of her responsibilities is to analyze this climate survey, and the results there.“Our intention is again to share the results with the CSAP, which is a cross-campus and cross-community survey, and to utilize those results in a way to improve communication on campus.”BenchmarkingDeputy Title IX coordinator Heather Ryan said more and more colleges have begun to administer climate surveys, as well.“I think this year is the year we’re going to do some really good benchmarking. As we go back and forth, we haven’t had any data available externally, from institutions, prior to this year,” Ryan said. “And so I think that this next year or two are really going to be key in gaining that information, to figure out what are the best practices possible.”Matt Lahey, associate general counsel for the University, said Notre Dame annually examines its policies and compares it to benchmark schools.“We made revisions this summer to our policies, as we did the summer before, and benchmarking these policies helps us with that effort, he said. “We do a lot of benchmarking related to education, those initiatives.“Green Dot came out of that benchmarking, looking at what major programs other universities are using, how they’re trying to change their culture,” he said. “No one has the absolute one right approach, and what everyone is trying to do is understand what approaches have been working.”Christine Caron Gebhardt, director of the Gender Relations Center (GRC), said one of the challenges in choosing a violence prevention program is the lack of research on the effectiveness of the programs.“… Because what’s your measure of success? Your cases increase? Or your cases decrease? And how do you know the case decrease isn’t merely [the cases] going underground? So part of it, what we’re trying to do is to find a way, how do you measure success,” she said. “And I think that’s a change we’ve seen over the years, is we’re not just saying, ‘Oh, we’ve done this,’ but ‘How do we know we’re making a difference?’”Caron Gebhardt said Green Dot’s measure of success is that when 15 percent of the student body is bystander-trained. At the 15-percent point, incidence of sexual assault should decrease, measured in reports to both confidential and non-confidential resources.She said the University is one of several institutions studying the effectiveness of Green Dot, and therefore has been very deliberate in its implementation on campus.Student governmentStudent government has played a large role in creating student body engagement on the issue, the director of the department of gender issues, junior Danny Funaro, said.Funaro said the department of gender issues has participated in the Green Dot launch as well as worked on promoting the “It’s On Us” campaign, the University’s iteration of the national movement commissioned by the White House to end sexual violence on college campuses.“‘It’s On Us’ tries to get people to take ownership of the issue, so the main thing that goes with that is the ‘It’s On Us’ pledge,” he said. “Pledge cards were last year’s version of this pledge — this year we’ve put more of a focus on the itsonus.nd.edu pledge.”More than 200 students have signed the pledge this year, Funaro said. The department hopes to have more than 400 students sign by the end of the semester.“The main way we’ve done that is by going door-to-door in different dorms,” he said. “You can actually get good conversations with people … [and] get people that really want to get involved.”Funaro said he has noticed there is sometimes more difficulty getting men involved in programming and campaigns to end sexual violence.“To get the general male population involved is a little bit harder, but I think we’ve made inroads in that, versus last year, when the ‘It’s On Us’ pledge was signed mostly by women,” he said. “This year there’s a much better balance.”In October, student body president and senior Bryan Ricketts spoke to The Observer on the report student government delivered to the Board of Trustees on sexual violence on Notre Dame’s campus.“Sexual violence is something we’ve been talking about on our campus for a long time now,” Ricketts said. “… There’s a lot of talk about prevention and what we’re doing on front, and in addition to that it’s sort of widely accepted as a rule — but also statistically at Notre Dame — that the number of reported assaults does not nearly match the number of actual assaults that we have on campus.“Those are still issues that we’re trying to work through,” he said. “That was a big reason behind the impetus of this report, to give some context to where we are on campus as well as to do a little digging what we need to do better and where we’re not meeting the standards.”The report focused on four major topics: campus conversation surrounding sexual violence, the trajectory of change on the issue at Notre Dame, alcohol culture’s role in sexual violence and a process overview, supplemented by students’ experiences. It concluded with a series of recommendations to the trustees on how to curb sexual violence on campus and how to improve the process of reporting and navigating the Title IX process.Tags: campus climate survey, GRC, greeNDot, Office of Student Affairs, sexual assault, sexual assault series 2015last_img read more

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Cricket News Explained! Why Pakistan, The No.1 Twenty20 Side In The World Is Undergoing A Massive Slump

first_imgFakhar Zaman, Mohammad Hafeez and Ahmed Shehzad contributed consistently while opening the batting. Fakhar’s strike rate was 140 and his aggressive batting set the tone for Babar to go berserk. With the top order performing brilliantly, the bowlers contributed. The bowling in that period was led by legspinner Shadab Khan who took 42 wickets at an average of 17 with an economy of just over 6.5.Shadab was complimented well by the prowess of Hasan Ali and Mohammad Amir, who took 33 and 28 wickets respectively at an average of under 20. In addition to Shadab, left-arm spinner Imad Wasim was also Shadab’s able spin twin and he took 28 wickets at an economy rate of under six. Wasim’s economy rate, Shadab’s guile and the pace of Amir and Hasan ensured Pakistan had all their bases covered when it came to variety, containment and attack.2019: Everything crumbles for PakistanIn 2019, everything has crumbled in spectacular fashion for Pakistan. The only batsman from that period who is still going strong is Babar, averaging 41 with four fifties. However, none of the other batsmen average close to that. In fact, most of Pakistan’s batsmen struggle to even get to double figures. Fakhar’s average is just 6.25 while the newcomers have just not fired. Iftikhar Ahmed impressed in Australia with a fifty and a gritty 45 but these are early days in his career. Barring Babar, no other Pakistan batsman averages more than 15. NameMatchesRunsAverageFiftiesStrike-RateBabar Azam1037441.554136.99Imad Wasim1012113.440137.50Asif Ali99410.440108.04Fakhar Zaman8506.250104.16Mohammad Rizwan67414.80098.66When it comes to the bowling, it makes for even more depressing reading for Pakistan. No Pakistan bowler has taken more than 10 wickets in this year. Shadab, who was the key in Pakistan’s dominance in 2016 till 18, has taken only four wickets in nine games at an average of 56 and an economy of 8.73. Imad has an economy rate of 5.75 but his high average and high strike-rate have not helped his cause. In addition, Amir’s dip as well as inconsistent selections in Mohammad Hasnain, Shaheen Afridi, the injury to Hasan and Faheem Ashraf have hurt Pakistan.NameMatchesWicketsAverageStrike-RateFour/Five-Wicket HaulsImad Wasim10727.145.750Mohammad Amir7726.427.810Shadab Khan9456.758.230Faheem Ashraf4349.3311.100Mohammad Hasnain4345.668.560What must Pakistan do?Pakistan’s current status is they cannot bat, cannot bowl and cannot field. The batting is dependant on one individual, the bowling has lost penetration and their fielding is below par. With less than a year to go for the ICC World T20 in Australia, Pakistan are facing a race against time.Also Read | Nine Consecutive Dot Balls – Pakistan Score Just Two Runs In Final Two Overs In Perth T20I Vs AustraliaThey have three options – either back Fakhar Zaman and the rest of the batsmen so that the team can form a core.  Second- ensure that the next crop of bowlers do well in the Pakistan Super League who can be sidetracked for international success. Third- potentially get an experienced leader in Sarfaraz Ahmed.  New Delhi: For a period of two years starting in 2016 and until 2018, Pakistan had set the template of dominance in Twenty20 Internationals. After the end of the World T20 in 2016 played in India, Pakistan were dominating the format unlike any other team. Their red-hot streak began in the series against England in 2016 and they went on to win 11 consecutive bilateral series until the 2018 series against New Zealand in the United Arab Emirates. In that period, they played 33 Twenty20 Internationals and won a staggering 29 games and lost just four. Their success rate of 87 percent made them the No.1 ranked side in the world.However, in 2019, the tables have turned totally. Pakistan’s 11 consecutive bilateral series wins ended when they lost a series to South Africa 2-1 at the start of the year in February. However, their year has gotten progressively worse as they were whitewashed 3-0 by a weak Sri Lanka side at home. This was their first whitewash since 2015/16 when England had clean-swept them in the UAE. Things only got worse for Pakistan as they were thrashed 2-0 in the three-match series against Australia, prolonging their winless run in the format Down Under. In 2019, their record in T20Is reads played 10, won one, lost eight with one no result.What has changed so dramatically for Pakistan in a format that they were dominating from 2016 to 2018? What has led to their dramatic slump one year before the 2020 World T20 which will be played in Australia? The following analysis reveals a slump across all quarters for Pakistan and it does not make for good reading.2016-2018: Batting and bowling fire for PakistanThe general perception is that Pakistan’s dominance in 2016 till 2018 was primarily due to playing most of their matches at home. That is true only to a certain extent. In the two year period, Pakistan won a series in New Zealand, England, West Indies and got the better of Australia in a tri-series tournament in Zimbabwe which also featured the hosts. However, it is very important to understand that Pakistan’s batting and bowling worked as a complete unit in their path to dominance.NameMatchesRunsAverageFiftiesStrike-RateBabar Azam26103154.268124.36Shoaib Malik3792751.503146.67Fakhar Zaman2670628.244139.80Sarfaraz Ahmed4159631.362133.33Ahmed Shehzad1751330.173115.28The top order was led by the brilliance of Babar Azam, who made 1031 runs at an average of 54 with eight fifties. His consistency in the middle order gave Pakistan the leverage to reach big scores. The other key player in the middle order was Shoaib Malik, who also averaged over 50 but had a strike rate close to 150. Babar and Malik’s contribution in the middle order was pivotal for Pakistan. NameMatchesWicketsAverageStrike-RateFour/Five-wicket haulsShadab Khan294217.166.581Hasan Ali273322.818.220Imad Wasim232818.825.981Mohammad Amir202817.216.341Faheem Ashraf232119.476.680 For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps.last_img read more

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