UN statistics show migration as a dynamic force in global development

Conceived and scheduled more than two years ago by the General Assembly, the 14–15 September High-level Dialogue follows a period of intense public attention to the cross-border movement of people, and a quickening pace of multilateral talks on international migration. Three per cent of the world’s population – or 191 million people – lived in a country other than the one in which they were born in 2005, with one third having moved from a developing country to one that is developed, one third moving from one developing nation to another, and another third originating in the developed world, according to an analysis of migration and development prepared by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (ESA).A greater share of workers moving to developed countries are college educated, and without migration the size of the labour force in the developed world will begin shrinking drastically beginning in 2010, the analysis said. A UN compilation of migration statistics from 228 countries and areas indicates that the United States leads the world as a host country, with 38 million migrants in 2005 constituting almost 13 per cent of its population. But the share of the population who are migrants is larger still in Australia (19.6 per cent in 2005) and Canada (18.9 per cent).In regional terms, however, Europe’s migrant population of 64 million in 2005 is almost 50 per cent greater than the 45 million in Northern America. Western Asia, with its oil producing nations, also hosts a considerable share of the world’s migrants, totaling 22 million in 2005.Nearly half of the world’s migrants now are women, the UN reports, and they outnumber male migrants in the developed countries.Remittances, even when used for consumption, stimulate demand and support local enterprises. As a result, the UN estimates that overall, remittances could have an impact equivalent to about half a trillion US dollars.Despite tensions in many receiving countries, more than 50 per cent of governments surveyed by the UN in 2005 expressed an intention to maintain incoming migrant flows at roughly the same level. Just about 20 per cent had as objective the reduction of incoming flows, but that share was down from 40 per cent in 1996. Six per cent of governments favoured higher levels of immigration in 2005.This week’s High-level Dialogue will focus on ways to maximize the development benefits of international migration and reduce difficulties. read more

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Viet Nam becomes a pilot country for UN efforts to reform and

“Viet Nam is at the forefront of the UN move to deliver as one. The UN family has to combine the diversity of skills and mandates present in our agencies to realize our tremendous potential as partners in development,” said Kemal Dervis, who heads the UN Development Group and is the Administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP).The “One UN” pilot programme will include at least five other countries and aims to move beyond coordination to consolidating a single presence in countries, UNDP said in a press release from the Vietnamese capital Hanoi.This Viet Nam pilot programme will comprise six participating agencies: the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UNDP, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), UN Volunteers (UNV) and the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Other agencies are expected to join or cooperate with the programme in the near future. “There was a realization that while we were doing a good job, we weren’t being fully efficient,” said UNICEF Representative in Viet Nam Jesper Morch. “By working together, UNICEF will be able to deliver far more for Vietnamese children. It seemed obvious to embrace the idea.”The “One UN” plan envisions agencies working as one team, with the aim of avoiding fragmentation and duplication of efforts and instead ensuring a unity of purpose, coherence in management and efficiency in operations while maintaining the distinct personality, agenda, and purpose of the different agencies.Today’s announcement came after a meeting between a taskforce on UN reform and the Vietnamese Government, which also involved participating UN agencies, funds and programmes, and bilateral donors.“Viet Nam is always pushing us to do things better, to be ever more responsive and efficient, and the UN team here is working to answer that call for more effective assistance,” said UN Resident Coordinator John Hendra. “With this very exciting pilot opportunity, Viet Nam is being recognized for its openness and drive to make the UN work better. In a sense, this pilot is like bringing global reform efforts home, and the development community will be very interested in what happens here as Viet Nam is now literally at the centre of UN reform efforts.”This announcement comes nearly a month after the UN High-Level Panel on Systemwide Coherence released its report, Delivering as One, which recommended, among other things, that the UN “deliver as one at the country level, with one leader, one programme, one budget, where appropriate, one office.” Additional pilot countries will likely be announced at the end of this month. read more

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Mulcair tones down antioilsands rhetoric in advance of Fort McMurray visit

by Joan Bryden, The Canadian Press Posted May 28, 2012 6:50 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email OTTAWA – Tom Mulcair is dialling back the NDP’s anti-oilsands rhetoric as he prepares for his first visit to Alberta’s massive, unconventional petroleum deposits.The NDP leader is to tour Suncor’s oilsands project near Fort McMurray on Thursday.The visit is akin to walking into the lion’s den for Mulcair, who has been lambasted by western premiers for blaming booming oilsands exports for artificially inflating the Canadian dollar and, as a result, hollowing out the country’s manufacturing sector — a phenomenon dubbed the “Dutch disease.”On Monday, the words “Dutch disease” did not cross Mulcair’s lips as he discussed his upcoming tour. He seemed to take pains to tone down his rhetoric, which was already much less inflammatory than the diatribes his predecessor, Jack Layton, used to unleash against the poisonous “tar sands.”After flying over the oilsands during the 2008 election, Layton blasted Prime Minister Stephen Harper for refusing to “protect the North from the toxic discharges of his friends in the big oil companies.”By contrast, Mulcair’s tour is being organized by one of those big oil companies, Suncor, in what is meant to show a more businesslike, measured approach to the issue.Mulcair insisted Monday he’s not against development; he’s only advocating sustainable development. And he stressed that applies not just to the oilsands but to natural resource projects all across the country.Western premiers and federal Conservatives have accused Mulcair of pitting the resource-rich West against the manufacturing centres in eastern Canada. In that vein, British Columbia’s ruling Liberals introduced a motion Monday asking the legislature to unanimously reject Mulcair’s assertion that “resource extraction in western provinces is bad for Canada.”But Mulcair said he’s never singled out the West.“You know you cannot find a single statement from me with regard to the West. I notice that some of those premiers are saying this is an attack on the West,” Mulcair told reporters.“What I say with regard to sustainable development applies as much in New Brunswick and it does in British Columbia. It’s a vision to include economic, social and environmental aspects every time the government takes a decision.”Mulcair maintains the environmental clean-up costs of developments like the oilsands should be paid by the companies and included in the price of their exports, which would help bring down the value of the Canadian dollar.His stance is expected to be roundly condemned once again by western premiers who are gathering for their annual meeting Tuesday in Edmonton.But Mulcair insisted he’s not trying to pick a fight with the premiers, after referring dismissively to them earlier this month as Harper’s “messengers.”“I’ve been a provincial politician, I was a minister provincially (in Quebec) so I have nothing against provincial politicians.”Rather, he said his fight is with the federal government which he accused of failing to enforce its own environmental protection legislation when it comes to the oilsands and other resource developments.Mulcair said he’s feeling “not a bit” snubbed by Alberta Premier Alison Redford, who has said she’ll be unable to meet with the federal NDP leader as she’ll be out of the province Thursday. He is scheduled to meet instead with deputy premier Thomas Lukaszuk, as well as with the mayor of Fort McMurray.He’ll be joined on his oilsands tour by the NDP’s lone Alberta MP, Linda Duncan, environment critic Megan Leslie and energy critic Peter Julian. Mulcair tones down anti-oilsands rhetoric in advance of Fort McMurray visit read more

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US wholesale stockpiles rose 02 per cent in April while sales increased

AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email US wholesale stockpiles rose 0.2 per cent in April while sales increased 0.5 per cent by Martin Crutsinger, The Associated Press Posted Jun 11, 2013 10:07 am MDT WASHINGTON – U.S. wholesalers increased their stockpiles in April and their sales rebounded from a big decline in March, positive signs for economic growth.The Commerce Department said Tuesday that stockpiles at the wholesale level rose 0.2 per cent in April. That followed a 0.3 per cent gain in March.Sales in April increased 0.5 per cent, the best showing since February. In March, sales had plunged 1.4 per cent.The April increase left stockpiles at the wholesale level at $504.8 billion. That’s up 4.1 per cent from a year ago and 31.2 per cent above the recession low.An increase in restocking can drive more economic growth. It means companies are ordering more goods from U.S. factories.April’s gain was led by a 1.9 per cent increase in restocking of autos and auto parts. Stockpiles of furniture, lumber and computer equipment also posted solid gains.Inventories of machinery, farm products and chemicals were down in April.The economy grew at a 2.4 per cent rate annual from January through March, up from a 0.4 per cent rate in the previous quarter.Growth accelerated in the first quarter largely because consumer spending rose at the fastest pace in more than two years. That also provided more incentive for businesses to restock their shelves after many cut back on inventory building at the end of last year.Many economists believe growth has slowed in the current April-June quarter to an annual rate of 2 per cent or less. Economists say part of that reflects a slowdown in production at U.S. factories, stemming from weakness overseas that has dampened demand for U.S. exports. Some economists also say businesses could be worried about the impact of federal spending cuts.A stronger job market has helped offset some of the weakness from the spending cuts and higher taxes.The Labor Department reported Friday that the economy created 175,000 jobs in May. The unemployment rate edged up from 7.5 per cent to 7.6 per cent, however the gain reflected more people entering the work force to look for jobs. Economists viewed that development as a healthy sign. read more

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Most actively traded companies on the TSX TSX Venture Exchange

AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email TORONTO – Some of the most active companies traded Thursday on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the TSX Venture Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (15,030.74, up 56.09 points):Petrowest Corp. (TSX:PRW). Oil and gas. Up 10 cents, or eight per cent, to $1.35 on 12.9 million shares.EMC Metals Corp. (TSX:EMC). Miner. Down 1.5 cents, or 15 per cent, to 8.5 cents on 6.1 million shares.Belo Sun Mining Corp. (TSX:BSX). Miner. Down 1.5 cents, or 7.32 per cent, to 19 cents on four million shares.B2Gold Corp. (TSX:BTO). Miner. Up two cents, or 0.65 per cent, to $3.09 on 3.9 million shares.Turquoise Hill Resources Ltd. (TSX:TRQ). Miner. Down 18 cents, or 4.92 per cent, to $3.48 on 3.4 million shares.Twin Butte Energy Ltd. (TSX:TBE). Oil and gas. Down three cents, or 1.67 per cent, to $1.77 on 3.2 million shares.Toronto Venture Exchange (1,013.14, down 1.90 points):Elkwater Resources Ltd. (TSXV:ELW). Oil and gas. Down 19 cents, or 23.75 per cent, to 61 cents on 4.1 million shares.Keek Inc. (TSXV:KEK). Online media. Down 0.5 cents, or 3.03 per cent, to 16 cents on 3.5 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Empire Company Ltd. (TSX:EMP.A). Supermarkets. Up 59 cents, or 0.88 per cent, to $67.69 on 159,495 shares. Sobeys announced plans to close about 50 of its underperforming stores, most of them in Western Canada where parent company Empire purchased the Canada Safeway supermarket chain. Empire also posted fourth-quarter adjusted net earnings from continuing operations of $131.3 million, or $1.42 per diluted share, beating estimates of $1.29, while sales were $5.94 billion, up $1.68 billion year over year, but narrowly missing expectations of $5.95 billion. It also upped its dividend 3.8 per cent to 27 cents a share.Shaw Communications (TSX:SJR.B). Communication services. Unchanged at $26.35 on 1.9 million shares. The media giant reported quarterly earnings per share of 47 cents, two cents less than estimates. Revenue in the quarter was $1.34 billion, up one per cent year over year. Most actively traded companies on the TSX, TSX Venture Exchange by The Canadian Press Posted Jun 26, 2014 3:00 pm MDT read more

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